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4. Cognitive abilities and aging

With aging, cognitive functionality changes, some abilities a person gain, others lose. For the late age period, a greater loss of cognitive abilities is significant. Hertzog, Kramer, Wilson and Lindenberger (2009) assume that the increase and later decrease in cognitive abilities largerly depends on the successful adaptation and activity of the individual throughout their lifetime.  

At a late age, significant individual differences in cognitive capacity are observed. We do not yet precisely why there is a greater decrease in cognitive abilities wiht some individuals than in others. How successful or unsuccessful is person's cognitive aging depends on many biological, psychological and social factors that are exposed to them throughout their lives.

Watch the video below to understand the main areas that are affected by the process of cognitive aging: